Brain Injury Explained: Diffuse Axonal Injuries

Serving nearby areas by Palm Beach and West Palm Beach, Florida

One of the most common and severe types of traumatic brain injuries is called Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAI). DAI is the result of violent shaking or rotating forces on the brain within the skull. These types of TBI can result in coma, or in severe cases, a persistent vegetative state. For those who do regain consciousness, recovery is often long and serious impairments are often permanent.

Causes of Diffuse Axonal Injury

Some of the most common causes of DAIs in West Palm Beach are car accidents, child abuse, and falls. When the body is subjected to the intense forces of these events, the brain may be shaken or twisted inside the skull resulting tearing of the nerve fibers (axons). The axons are how nerve cells communicate with one another, and damage can seriously impair the functions of the brain. This is also the type of injury sustained as a result of “shaken baby syndrome.”

Diagnosis and Treatment

DIAs can be hard to detect because even microscopic tears can have serious impacts on brain function. These may not show up on CT scans or MRIs, but small bleeds that accompany the axonal injury may be detected.

Treatment of DIAs in the early stages focuses on reducing brain swelling that can cause further damage. Once the patient is stable and swelling has subsided, treatment will depend on the severity and extent of the damage. For those who suffer only a mild DIA and regain consciousness, treatment focuses on regaining lost functions through various types of therapy including:

  • Speech therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Recreational therapy
  • Adaptive equipment training
  • Counseling

Catastrophic injuries like DAIs require significant financial resources to overcome.  At the Romano Law Group, we have over 80 years combined experience in personal injury cases.

If a loved one is suffering from a DAI or other traumatic brain injury, please contact us using our online form, or call (866) 533-6700 today. We represent clients in Palm Beach, West Palm Beach, and throughout south Florida.